IUD Instertion and Removal in Houston

IUDs, or intrauterine devices, are small medical devices placed inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy. Your gynecologist can provide IUD insertion and removal during a brief appointment that requires no general anesthesia or incisions. At Women's Healthcare Associates, we offer IUD insertion as part of our comprehensive female health services, which include obstetrics, gynecology, and ultrasound in Houston.

The Two Types of IUDs

IUDs are available in two types. Each type of IUD works differently to achieve the same goal: preventing pregnancy by either damaging or eliminating sperm and preventing the implantation of a fertilized egg inside the uterus.

  1. Copper IUDs are the most common types of IUDs in use today. These devices contain copper wire, which causes the uterus and fallopian tubes to produce a fluid that is toxic to sperm. As sperm enter your uterus, they are damaged or destroyed by this fluid, thus preventing conception. Copper IUDs can remain in the uterus for up to ten years and may in some cases be used as an emergency form of contraception if you already plan to receive an IUD.
  2. Hormonal IUDs release a form of the hormone progestin called levonorgestrel. This hormone works to prevent fertilization by causing the cervix to produce mucous, thereby blocking sperm from entering the uterus. Hormonal IUDs also affect the growth of endometrial tissue inside the uterus, causing the lining to become thin and inhospitable for a fertilized egg. These types of IUDs may be left in place for three to five years, depending upon the product.

IUD Candidacy

Many women are good candidates for IUD insertion as a form of safe, long-lasting, and effective birth control. You may be a good candidate for an IUD if

  • you cannot or prefer not to use birth control pills, condoms, or other forms of birth control.
  • you are looking for a longer-term, more cost effective birth control solution that does not need to be replenished or readministered every one to three months.
  • you are willing to perform a self-check to ensure your IUD is still in place once a month, as IUDs can sometimes be expelled naturally from the body.
  • you are not prone to pelvic infections and do not suffer from pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • you understand that an IUD will only prevent pregnancy and not the contraction of sexually-transmitted diseases. If you or your partner may be infected with a sexually-transmitted disease, condoms are the best solution to prevent transmission.

Your Houston gynecologist can help you manage your reproductive and general health at Women's Healthcare associates. Please call our office today at (713) 654-8128 to schedule your appointment with us.

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